This prompted elephant expert Raman Sukumar to say on Saturday: "If I do a comparison with 2012 figures, then we have a stable population". "So Uttarkhand would not sit on top slots in the national elephant estimation as it is at number two in ll India tiger population estimation".
International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) is partnering the campaign, which will include roadshows across 12 elephant range states of India. According to this census prepared by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change by direct block count method during March-May 2017, there are 10,139 elephants in India's northeast region, 3,128 in east-central region, 2,085 in northwest and 11,960 in the southern region. At 6,049, Karnataka has the maximum.
Newly recruited forest guards in tiger reserve Palamu have been advised not to wear white and red colour shirt or pants or both as elephants have a strong dislike for these two colours said Deputy Director North of PTR AK Mishra.
Of 24 states surveyed for the exercise, only eight reported an increase in elephant numbers.
"In 2017, there were major shifts in dry season habitat use by elephants in the south because of a severe drought in the previous year", the report pointed out. "Through the dung density estimate we have tried to bring a little more science into the census taking process". "The second round results of exhaustive dung count which is spread across thousands of transects is significant more for southern state where elephants move a lot from one state to another".
According to the report released by Union Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan here, elephants - India's heritage animal - are present in over 22 states and a union territory (Andaman and Nicobar Islands).
Other population estimation methods like camera trapping, DNA-based profiles, occupancy models and others required substantial research and development and could not be implemented within a short period across the entire country, the report stated.
It also called for facilitating trans-boundary migration along the India-Bangladesh border, establishment of response teams to guide such elephants which may stray into human settlements, ensure sharing of information, discouraging erection of electric fences for protection of agriculture and horticulture crops in the areas falling in identified migratory corridors to prevent death of elephants from electrocution and steps to protect, improve and expand natural habitats for elephants.